First and second dose Covid-19 vaccinations

Please note your COVID-19 Vaccination does not protect you against flu, for information regarding your flu vaccination visit our Flu Vaccination webpage.


Everyone aged 12 and over, and some children aged 5 to 11, can get a 1st and 2nd dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.

People aged 16 and over, and some children aged 12 to 15, can also get a booster dose.

How well do the COVID-19 vaccines work?

Anyone who gets COVID-19 can become seriously ill or have long-term effects (long COVID). The COVID-19 vaccines are the best way to protect yourself and others.

Research has shown the vaccines help:

  • reduce your risk of getting seriously ill or dying from COVID-19
  • reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19
  • protect against COVID-19 variants

The 1st dose should give you some protection from 3 or 4 weeks after you've had it. But you need 2 doses for stronger and longer-lasting protection.

Most people also need a booster dose to help improve the protection from the first 2 doses of the vaccine.

There is a chance you might still get or spread COVID-19 even if you have a vaccine, so it's important to follow advice about how to avoid catching and spreading COVID-19.

When you can book a second dose

You should be able to book a second dose on the day after your 1st dose. If you or your child are:

  • 18 years old or over - you'll be offered 2nd dose appointments from 8 weeks after your 1st dose
  • under 18 years old - you'll be offered 2nd dose appointments from 12 weeks after your 1st dose.

How to get an earlier 2nd dose if you're under 18 years old and at-risk

If you or your child are under 18 years old and at high risk from COVID-19, you're eligible for a 2nd dose from 8 weeks after your 1st dose.

Please note you need to wait 4 weeks following a positive Covid-19 test before getting either your first or second Covid-19 vaccine.

Frequently asked questions

Visit our Covid-19 frequently asked questions page for a series of FAQs to help you in making an informed decision about the coronavirus vaccine.

You cannot chose which vaccine you will have. Vaccines provided by the NHS have been approved because they pass the MHRA’s tests on safety and efficacy.

Vaccines are the way out of this pandemic. Please be assured that whichever vaccine you get, it is worth your while.

Covid-19 Vaccination Services in Surrey

Vaccination services are running in a number of community locations.

You can find out more, including details of locations and availability of walk-in vaccination clinics with no appointments required on our Covid-19 vaccination centres page.

Covid-19 Vaccination Resources

For a range of helpful resources, including information in community languages, research, videos and much more, visit our Covid-19 vaccination centres page.