Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term that describes a disease of the heart or blood vessels. There are many different types of CVD which occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked or reduced.

These include:

  • Angina – chest pain caused by restricted blood flow to the heart muscle
  • Heart attacks – where the blood flow to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked
  • Heart failure – where the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly.

High blood pressure can affect your arteries and your heart in a number of ways which are all interlinked. Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition that causes an irregular and often abnormally fast heart rate.

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